5 Circles Teaching Method Learn to Swim


The 5 Circles Teaching Method are described and explained in Melon Dash's book, DVD, and instructor trainings. Conquer your fear of water The Miracle Swimmer

The 5 Circles Teaching Method

Example of the videoThe 5 Circles Teaching Method is a model of learning based on the concept that people are spiritual beings who live in a physical world. Whereas most teaching addresses the mind or the body, little instruction takes into account that each of us is spirit. There are ways in which we as spirit behave that are different than the ways physical bodies behave; for example, spirit is not confined by the laws of gravity. The 5 Circles Teaching Method builds upon the fact that people need to be “here,” not "gone"— daydreaming or panicking—in order to learn a new skill.

Although it’s obvious that people can’t learn a new skill when they’re "not here," The 5 Circles method is perhaps the only system of teaching whose number one priority is comfort and presence—a state of being here—rather than the physical actions of doing. We are human beings rather than human doings. The Method has shown that when being comfortable—and therefore able to be "here"—is the primary goal, remarkable learning is not only possible, but guaranteed and easy, even though many attempts to learn with other methods have failed. This was first demonstrated with adults who were terrified in the water, who had tried for decades to learn to swim using traditional methods of practicing physical skills without success, and who, with ease, joy, and speed learned to swim freely and to become reliable for their safety in deep water by using The 5 Circles. In the same way, anything can be learned if teaching centers around attention to that part of us that's spirit.

Grace is happy to float without fearTo date, the "laws" of the 5 Circles Teaching Method have been applied to everyday people. However, it's thought that they're likely applicable to all people as well as animals.

The two requirements for certain success with adult students are an understanding of The 5 Circles by student and instructor, and an instructor who teaches people how to keep spirit and body together. With children or special needs students, only the instructor

Gracie never thought she could enjoy the water,
until she learned to use the 5 Circles.

must understand the The 5 Circles.

If all teaching were based on The 5 Circles, it's believed that the bedrock of teaching and Education would be lifted up. The biggest challenge to date has been convincing instructors that it's easy to teach the 5 Circles. Some instructors, unfamiliar with the workings of the 5 Circles, are uncertain about using the word, "spirit." However, with a little practice, instructors find their own words and deliver the concept clearly. Upon hearing the explanation of the 5 Circles, the 4000 students taught by Miracle Swimming since 1983 have fallen silent and according to some, said, "Swimming lessons will work for me this time."

Now they ask, "Why isn't all swimming taught this way? All subjects should be taught like this."

What Are The 5 Circles?

The 5 Circles refer to a set of 5 simple diagrams that depict levels of presence of mind we all find ourselves in at one time or another.


The 1st Circle: In control.

“Centered, poised, self-contained, collected, grounded, solid, comfortable, calm, has his feet on the ground.” The stick figure represents the body. The circle represents the self or ones focus, spirit, or attention. This is where a student must be in order to trust an instructor, to ask questions, to feel safe about trying new things, to have fun, learn, and to say no. As instructors, we want students to be in the 1st Circle all the time. We want them to say no to anything that would cause them to go to the 3rd circle (below) or higher.


The 2nd Circle: Nervous

A person in the 2nd Circle is a spirit beginning to leave his or her body. He would say he feels “okay, but not great.” He can proceed, but he'd rather be in the 1st Circle. An instructor should not try to teach him anything in this stage unless the student is having fun. In the 2nd Circle, he’s not “at home.” If he’s having fun, then he’s just in control enough to succeed.

"He has cold feet."

"I feel weak in the knees."


The 3rd Circle: Scared

This person is no longer having fun. He has left his body further and is therefore less connected to normal internal feedback and his helpful memories and faculties. He's still present enough to move and to be in control of some actions, but can’t choose any action he wants. He’s not thinking clearly. He’s partly “gone.”

"Butterflies in the stomach. Knot in the stomach. Clammy hands and feet."


The 4th Circle: Terrified

He feels very troubled but he can’t do anything about it. He has no connection to his body. He’s in his head, only. He cannot move. In everyday language, he is “paralyzed by fear; scared stiff.”

If he leaves his body just a little further—above his mouth—he will not be able to speak.

This person is on the verge of panicking and is not at all safe for himself. We could look at him and see he is in no immediate danger, but he is quite out of control. However, if he's in the 4th Circle in the water or driving, he's in danger.


The 5th Circle: Panic


Panic: body in one place, spirit or attention in another. This person has “lost it.” He is “not home, gone, out of it, not there.” This person is almost disconnected from his body. Just a thin thread of energy connects his awareness with his body. He knows something isn't working but he's not in control of returning. Returning happens by chance.



Panic looks like this:

Panic Looks like this

The instructor’s job is to present only the steps that will keep students in the 1st Circle at all times. The student's job is to keep him/herself in the 1st Circle at all times and to speak up if he needs help to do so.

If students are excited about trying something new, it's likely that that excitement is the 2nd Circle. However, since the student wants to try it, it's not a violation of the 5 Circles goal. An instructor will know something is not too much to ask if students want to do something and they feel safe enough to try it with him there. If they don’t, then he doesn't want them to try it. The entire "game" is for instructor and student to make sure they stay in control, in the 1st Circle. If they do, then the inevitable and guaranteed outcome is a new understanding or skill.


When students have never heard of a topic and have no understanding of it at all, a diagram of the relative lack of connection between ones body and an awareness of the topic is the 5th Circle.
5th circle


When a student begins to get an idea of what the topic is about, a fitting diagram of this awareness relative to the body is the 4th Circle. 4th circle

When the student begins to learn about the topic in a way that he can sense it and use it just a little bit, a diagram that depicts this relationship between him as spirit and his body is the 3rd Circle. In the 3rd Circle,

he's beginning to "get it:" beginning to make a connection with it. 3rd circle


When he almost "has it down," the 2nd Circle shows where he is relative to his body, and learning it.

2nd circle


When he's "got it down," the 1st Circle depicts his spirit and body in the same place for that skill or idea.

1st circle



Learning looks like this:



Learning looks like this

“It cannot and does not fail.”
—Mary Alice Yund, Berkeley, CA, Miracle Swimming graduate, chemist

There are other conditions under which we as spirit leave our bodies to varying degrees, common daily occurrences which are not dangerous: daydreaming, falling asleep, meditation. The 5 Circles are traversed safely all day long as we "go in and out" of our bodies.

When students understand The 5 Circles, they begin to focus on the key ingredient to learning: being in control of themselves. With their attention in the “right place,” learning cannot possibly fail. It's holistic learning, meaning that movements and ideas arise from within the student, emerging naturally and spontaneously with scant need for instruction. The speed of learning is optimized.

Besides panic, examples of a relationship of spirit to body that isn't functioning at full potential may be autism, dyslexia, temper tantrums, and violence, among others. Every human being is in a continual process of learning how to be in the 1st Circle at all times, though very few are aware of this! Teaching the 5 Circles would be time well spent as a core teaching of Education.

Every Instructor wants to use the 5 Circles >